Estimating the health and economic benefits associated with reducing air pollution: tools to support decision-making

The virtual technical exchange will focus on presenting tools to evaluate economic and health effects of air quality interventions based on cost-benefit analysis. Participants will learn from the experience of other countries about the importance of incorporating these types of assessments in the decision-making process. The event will include the participation of experts from the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the Pan-American Health Organization (PAHO). The participation of Government officials from Ministries of Energy, Environment and Health, and air quality monitoring stations is welcome.

Background: Many studies link significant health problems to breathing ozone and particulate pollution. Fine particles enter deep in the lungs and bloodstream, exacerbating health issues such as bronchitis and asthma, and causing heart attacks and even premature death. These air pollution-related illnesses have financial impacts ranging from lost wages or productivity when people miss work or school, to medical treatment costs and outdoor activity restrictions when air quality is poor.

Policies addressing air quality should consider the effects of air pollution on community health, as well as the avoided health impacts as a result of the intervention. Incorporating these types of assessments in policy-making processes help governments ponder the costs and benefits of policy choices and support balanced decision-making.

Audience:Government officials from Ministries of Energy, Environment, and Health and air quality monitoring stations.

Format:Participants will listen to, and interact with, an expert panel that will present experiences and methodologies to conduct cost-benefit analyses of air quality interventions. Participation in this event is by invitation only.



  • Juan J. Castillo, Pan American Health Organization:

What does the air pollution burden of disease tell us about the Americas?

Juan José Castillo is a Regional Air Quality Advisor at the Pan American Health Organization. He works delivering technical cooperation to health officers in the Americas and the Caribbean to build capacities towards addressing the air pollution burden of disease. Juan has +12 years’ experience in the environmental public health field. He has worked as an Executive Director in international nonprofit organizations, faculty and researcher , and  as public officer in transport, environment and health. He has working experience in the private sector.

Juan studies Environmental Engineering and holds a master’s degree in environmental management.

  • Neil Fann, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency:

Health and economic benefits of clean energy policies: Tools used by the EPA

Neal is a senior policy analyst at the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and has fifteen years of experience in monetizing the benefits of improved air quality. Neal uses evidence from the air pollution epidemiology and the economics literature to estimate the economic value of EPA air quality regulations including the Mercury and Air Toxics Standards, the Particulate Matter National Ambient Air Quality Standards and the repeal of the Clean Power Plan. He and a team of analysts perform these assessments using a software program called the environmental Benefits Mapping and Analysis Program–Community Edition (BenMAP-CE). Neal’s research interests include estimating the health burden of poor air quality and characterizing the health impacts of air pollution among susceptible populations. He most recently authored an article characterizing the improved life expectancy associated with reduced air pollution. Neal graduated from the Duke University Sanford School of Public Policy in 2003.

  • Stephanie Montero, Secretaría del Medio Ambiente de la Ciudad de México

Integrating health and economic benefit analysis in air quality management in Mexico City

Stephanie Montero is a Medical Doctor and holds an MSc in Global Health and Development. Since August 2019 she is the Lead Coordinator of Air Quality and Health Projects at the General Directorate of Air Quality for Mexico City’s Secretariat of the Environment. She is currently assessing the health and economic benefits of the next air quality improvement program called ProAire 2021-2030 and ensuring to mainstream health in air quality management in Mexico City. In the period 2015 – 2018, she worked at the Secretariat of Sustainable Development for the Government of the State of Morelos as the Director of Air Quality in charge of strengthening the air quality monitoring network and developing the 2016 emission Inventory and the 2018-2027 air quality improvement program. She developed a health impact assessment of air pollution for the year 2016 for five municipalities of Morelos.

Moderator: Juan Cruz Monticelli (@jcmonticelli)

Section Chief, Sustainable Energy

Department of Sustainable Development

Organization of American States (OAS)

In partnership with:


Jun 08 2020


14:00 - 15:30
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